Effects of exercise and lack of exercise on insulin sensitivity and responsiveness D. S. King, G. P. Dalsky, W. E. Clutter, D. A. Young, M. A. Staten, P. E. Cryer, and J. O. Holloszy

Insulin secretory defects in polycystic ovary syndrome. Relationship to insulin sensitivity and family history of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. D A Ehrmann, J Sturis, M M Byrne, T Karrison, R L Rosenfield, and K S Polonsky

Islam, Tareq M., Caroline S. Fox, Devin Mann, and Paul Muntner. 2009. Age-related associations of hypertension and diabetes mellitus with chronic kidney disease. BMC Nephrology 10: 17

Triglycerides and HDL Cholesterol Stars or second leads in diabetes? Rafael Bitzur, MD, Hofit Cohen, MD, Yehuda Kamari, MD, Aviv Shaish, PHD and Dror Harats, MD

Gestational Diabetes and the Incidence of Type 2 Diabetes, A systematic review Catherine Kim, MD, MPH, Katherine M. Newton, PHD and Robert H. Knopp, MD

Smoking and diabetes.
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Role of Insulin Resistance in Human Disease Gerald M Reaven

Cellular mechanisms of insulin resistance Gerald I. Shulman

Homeostasis model assessment: insulin resistance and β-cell function from fasting plasma glucose and insulin concentrations in man D. R. Matthews, J. P. Hosker, A. S. Rudenski, B. A. Naylor, D. F. Treacher, R. C. Turner

Creating a pandemic of prediabetes: the proposed new diagnostic criteria for impaired fasting glycaemia K. Borch-Johnsen, S. Colagiuri, B. Balkau, C. Glümer,B. Carstensen, A. Ramachandran, Y. Dong, W. Gao

Screening for Diabetes and Pre-Diabetes With Proposed A1C-Based Diagnostic Criteria Darin E. Olson, MD, PHD, Mary K. Rhee, MD, Kirsten Herrick, MSC, David C. Ziemer, Jennifer G. Twombly, MD, PHD and Lawrence S. Phillips, MD



Effects of Varying Carbohydrate Content of Diet in Patients With Non—Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus Abhimanyu Garg, MBBS, MD; John P. Bantle, MD; Robert R. Henry, MD; Ann M. Coulston, RD; Kay A. Griver, RD; Susan K. Raatz, MS, RD; Linda Brinkley, RD; Y-D. Ida Chen, phd; Scott M. Grundy, MD, phd; Beverley A. Huet, MS; Gerald M. Reaven, MD

Effect of a High-Protein, Low-Carbohydrate Diet on Blood Glucose Control in People With Type 2 Diabetes Mary C. Gannon and Frank Q. Nuttall

Effects of Diet and Exercise in Preventing NIDDM in People With Impaired Glucose Tolerance: The Da Qing IGT and Diabetes Study Xiao-Ren Pan, MD,Guang-Wei Li, MD,Ying-Hua Hu, MD,Ji-Xing Wang, MD,Wen-Ying Yang, MD,Zuo-Xin An, MD,Ze-Xi Hu, MD,Juan-Lin, MD,Jina-Zhong Xiao, MD,Hui-Bi Cao, MD,Ping-An Liu, MD,Xi-Gui Jiang, MD,Ya-Yan Jiang, MD, Jin-Ping Wang, MD, Hui Zheng, MD,Hui Zhang, MD,Peter H Bennett, MB, FRCP and Barbara V Howard, PHD

Tight blood pressure control and risk of macrovascular and microvascular complications in type 2 diabetes: UKPDS 38

Evidence-Based Nutrition Principles and Recommendations for the Treatment and Prevention of Diabetes and Related Complications Marion J. Franz, RD, CDE, Co-Chair, John P. Bantle, MD, Co-Chair, Christine A. Beebe, RD, DE, John D. Brunzell, MD, Jean-Louis Chiasson, MD, Abhimanyu Garg, MD, Lea Ann Holzmeister, RD, CDE, Byron Hoogwerf, MD, Elizabeth Mayer-Davis, phd, RD, Arshag D. Mooradian, MD, Jonathan Q. Purnell, MD and Madelyn Wheeler, RD, CDE

The Rising Prevalence of Diabetes and Impaired Glucose Tolerance The Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study David W. Dunstan, PHD, Paul Z. Zimmet, MD, Timothy A. Welborn, PHD, Maximilian P. Decourten, MD, Adrian J. Cameron, MPH, Richard A. Sicree, MPH, Terry Dwyer, PHD, Stephen Colagiuri, MD, Damien Jolley, MSC, Matthew Knuiman, PHD, Robert Atkins, MD, Jonathan E. Shaw, MD and On Behalf of the ausdiab Steering Committee

High prevalence of diabetes, obesity and dyslipidaemia in urban slum population in northern India. (PMID:11753596)

Epidemiology of type 2 diabetes: Indian scenario. Mohan V, Sandeep S, Deepa R, Shah B, Varghese C. Madras Diabetes Research Foundation & Dr Mohan's Diabetes Specialities Centre, Chennai, India.

Diabetes and exercise Erik A.Richter, M.D., Neil B. Ruderman, M.D., D.Phil. Boston, Massachusetts, USA, Steven H. Schneider, M.D., Piscataway, New Jersey, USA

Diabetes and exercise. N S Peirce

The Effect of Exercise on Insulin Action in Diabetes R. D. Lawrence

Physical Activity/Exercise and Type 2 Diabetes Ronald J. Sigal, MD, MPH, Glen P. Kenny, PHD, David H. Wasserman, PHD and Carmen Castaneda-Sceppa, MD, PHD

Guidelines on diabetes, pre-diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases: executive summary The Task Force on Diabetes and Cardiovascular Diseases of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) Lars Rydén, Co-Chairperson, Eberhard Standl, Co-Chairperson, Małgorzata Bartnik, Greet Van den Berghe, John Betteridge, Menko-Jan de Boer, Francesco Cosentino, Bengt Jönsson, Markku Laakso, Klas Malmberg, Silvia Priori, Jan Östergren, Jaakko Tuomilehto and Inga Thrainsdottir

Low Insulin Response: A Marker Of Prediabetes Suad Efendic, Valdemar Grill, Rolf Luft, Alexandre Wajngot

Diminished Insulin Response to Hyperglycemia in Prediabetes and Diabetes John A Colwell, MD and Allen Lein, phd

Ten-year risk of cardiovascular incidence related to diabetes, prediabetes, and the metabolic syndrome Jing Liu, MD, Scott M. Grundy, MD, phd, Wei Wang, MD, Sidney C. Smith Jr, MD, Gloria Lena Vega, phd, Zhaosu Wu, MD, MPH, Zhechun Zeng, MD, Wenhua Wang, MD, Dong Zhao, MD, phd

Definition, diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus and its complications. Part 1: diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus. Provisional report of a WHO Consultation K.G.M.M. Alberti1, P.Z. Zimme

Analysis of diabetic hyperphagia and polydipsia L. Hernandez, E. Briesecorresponding author contact information

Hyperglycemic Crises in Adult Patients With Diabetes A consensus statement from the American Diabetes Association Abbas E. Kitabchi, PHD, MD, Guillermo E. Umpierrez, MD, Mary Beth Murphy, RN, MS, CDE, MBA and Robert A. Kreisberg, MD

Adherence to insulin treatment, glycaemic control, and ketoacidosis in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus MD Andrew D Morrisa, Corresponding author contact information, E-mail the corresponding author, BSC Douglas IR Boylec, BSC Alex D mcmahonc, MD Stephen A Greened, MD Thomas M macdonald, FRCP Ray W Newtona, for the DARTS/MEMO Collaboration

Diabetes, cardiovascular disease, selected cardiovascular disease risk factors, and the 5-year incidence of age-related cataract and progression of lens opacities: the beaver dam eye study Barbara E.K Klein, MD, Corresponding author contact information, Ronald Klein, MD, Kristine E Lee, MS

Cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and lipids Peter J Watkins

Type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular risk, and the link to insulin resistance Mark W. Stolar, MD, Robert J. Chilton, DO

The North-West Diabetes Foot Care Study: incidence of, and risk factors for, new diabetic foot ulceration in a community-based patient cohort C. A. Abbott, A. L. Carrington, H. Ashe, S. Bath, L. C. Every, J. Griffiths, A. W. Hann, A. Hussein, N. Jackson, K. E. Johnson, C. H. Ryder, R. Torkington, E. R. E. Van Ross, A. M. Whalley, P. Widdows, S. Williamson, A. J. M. Boulton

Functional nerve disorders in the athlete's foot, ankle, and leg. Baxter DE

Diabetic Autonomic Neuropathy Aaron I. Vinik, MD, PHD, Raelene E. Maser, PHD, Braxton D. Mitchell, PHD and Roy Freeman, MD

Diabetic neuropathy: an intensive review JJ Duby, RK Campbell, SM Setter, White JR and KA Rasmussen

Diabetic Neuropathies Aaron I Vinik, MD, PHD, Marie T Holland, MD, Jean M Le Beau, PHD, Francis J Liuzzi, PHD, Kevin B Stansberry, BS and Larry B Colen, MD

The Wisconsin Epidemiologic Study of Diabetic retinopathyii. Prevalence and Risk of Diabetic Retinopathy When Age at Diagnosis Is Less Than 30 Years Ronald Klein, MD; Barbara E. K. Klein, MD; Scot E. Moss, MA; Matthew D. Davis, MD; David L. Demets, phd

A central role for inflammation in the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy Antonia m. Joussen, vassiliki poulaki, minh ly le, kan koizumi, christina esser, hanna janicki, ulrich schraermeyer, norbert kociok,sascha fauser,bernd kirchhof,timothy s. Kern and anthony p. Adamis

American Diabetes Association “Gestational diabetes mellitus” Diabetes Care 27 (Suppl. 1): S88-S90, 2004

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