Prediabetes occurs when a person's blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be type-2 diabetes. People with prediabetes are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes and may have some of the problems associated with diabetes.
A darkened area of skin, a condition called as acanthosis nigricans is one of the few signs suggesting you are at risk for diabetes. This can commonly occur on neck, armpits, elbows, knees and knuckles.
Usually, people having prediabetes do not show any signs or symptoms. In fact, millions of people around the globe suffer from diabetes and still don't know about it because the symptoms gradually develop. Because of this, the people fail to recognize the symptoms. Some people may have no symptoms at all.
Consultation with your doctor is important if you notice:
- Increase in thirst
- frequent urination
- blurred vision
Risk factors for Pre-diabetics
If you are overweight and more than 45 years old, you should have yourself checked for prediabetes.
Other risk factors for prediabetes include:
- High blood pressure levels
- Low HDL cholesterol and high triglyceride levels
- A family history of diabetes
- Physical inactivity
- A history of gestational diabetes
- Impaired glucose levels and/or metabolic syndrome
- Cardiovascular disease
- Abnormal blood sugar levels in a prior blood sugar test