Diabetes is a chronic condition in which the body fails to properly use the food it consumes to produce energy, resulting in high levels of glucose in the blood. It is caused by either a lack of insulin, the hormone responsible for regulating blood sugar, or an inability of the body to use insulin properly. Diabetes can lead to serious health complications, including heart disease, stroke, kidney damage, blindness, and nerve damage. Treatment includes lifestyle changes, such as maintaining a healthy diet and exercising regularly, as well as medications and insulin therapy.
If you have type 1 diabetes, your body does not make insulin. Your immune system attacks and destroys the cells in your pancreas that make insulin. Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, although it can appear at any age. People with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin every day to stay alive.
If you have type 2 diabetes, your body does not make or use insulin well. You can develop type 2 diabetes at any age, even during childhood. However, this type of diabetes occurs most often in middle-aged and older people. Type 2 is the most common type of diabetes.
Gestational diabetes develops in some women when they are pregnant. Most of the time, this type of diabetes goes away after the baby is born. However, if you’ve had gestational diabetes, you have a greater chance of developing type 2 diabetes later in life. Sometimes diabetes diagnosed during pregnancy is actually type 2 diabetes.
As a chronic condition, people with diabetes can have serious consequences on the heart and blood vessels. They are at an increased risk for developing high blood pressure, coronary artery disease, stroke, and other cardiovascular diseases. People with diabetes should be mindful of their blood sugar levels as well as their lifestyle choices, such as eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly, to reduce their risk of developing heart-related complications. Additionally, people with diabetes should consult specialised medical professionals to monitor their cholesterol, blood pressure, and other cardiac risk factors. Taking these steps can help reduce the risk of developing cardiac issues related to diabetes.
People with diabetes are 2 to 4 times more likely than others to develop cardiovascular disease.
50% of people with diabetes are at risk of Diabetic Neuropathy.
10 to 40, of those with Type 2 diabetes eventually will suffer from kidney failure.
Diabetes is the primary cause of blindness in adults aged 20 to 74 years old.
People with diabetes have an increased risk of lower limb amputation.
Every year, 2% to 10% of pregnant women are affected by gestational diabetes.
Most women who have gestational diabetes deliver healthy babies. However, untreated or uncontrolled blood sugar levels can cause problems for you and your baby. Complications in your baby can occur as a result of gestational diabetes, including:
Excess growth: Extra glucose can cross the placenta, which triggers your baby’s pancreas to make extra insulin. This can cause your baby to grow too large (macrosomia). Very large babies are more likely to require a C-section birth.
Living with diabetes can be a challenge. It requires self-care and lifestyle changes, including monitoring blood sugar levels, eating healthy, exercising regularly, taking medications, and managing stress. It is important to keep up with doctor visits and get regular blood sugar checks. Eating healthy meals and snacks, exercising, and taking your medications as prescribed can help keep the blood sugar levels in a healthy range. It is important to have a support system to help stay on track and provide emotional support. Learning to manage diabetes is a process, but with the right tools and support, one can live a healthy life with diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that occurs when the body doesn’t produce enough insulin or when the body is unable to use the insulin it produces effectively. To prevent type 2 diabetes it is important to maintain a healthy lifestyle. Eating a balanced diet that is low in fat and sugar, exercising regularly, and managing stress are all important steps to take. Additionally, quitting smoking and limiting alcohol consumption can also help to decrease the risk of type 2 diabetes. Finally, getting regular check-ups and screening tests can help to catch the disease in its early stages when it is easier to manage.